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Minnesota Ag News Headlines
State Oat, Barley, Sugarbeet, Hay Forecasts Up
Minnesota Ag Connection - 08/13/2019

Minnesota corn production is forecast at 1.28 billion bushels, down 6 percent from last year, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service - Crop Production report. Based on conditions as of Aug. 1, yields are expected to average 173.0 bushels per acre, a decrease of 9 bushels per acre from last year. Corn planted acreage is estimated at 7.90 million acres. An estimated 7.40 million of the acres planted will be harvested for grain.

Soybean production is forecast at 314 million bushels, down 19 percent from last year. The yield is forecast at 46.0 bushels per acre, 4.5 bushels below 2018. Soybean planted acreage is estimated at 6.90 million acres with 6.82 million acres to be harvested.

Spring wheat production is estimated at 91.8 million bushels, a decrease of 1 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 62.0 bushels per acre, unchanged from the July forecast but up 3.0 bushels per acre from 2018.

Oat production for grain is forecast at 8.36 million bushels, up 35 percent from last year. The yield is forecast at 76.0 bushels per acre, up 1.0 bushel from the July forecast and up 17.0 bushels from 2018.

Barley production is forecast at 5.85 million bushels, up 15 percent from 2018. Yield is forecast at 76.0 bushels an acre, unchanged from 2018.

Sugarbeet production is estimated at 11.6 million tons, up 10 percent from last year. Yield is forecast at 27.5 tons per acre, 1.8 tons per acre above last year.

Minnesota hay yield for alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures is forecast at 2.60 tons per acre, with a total production of 2.21 million tons, an 8 percent increase in production from 2018. The forecast yield for other hay is 1.60 tons per acre, with a production of 720 thousand tons.

The forecasts in this report are based on Aug. 1 conditions and do not reflect weather effects since that time. The next crop production forecasts, based on conditions as of Sept. 1, will be released on Sept. 12.

Survey respondents who reported acreage as not yet planted for corn, cotton, sorghum, and soybeans in fourteen States for the Acreage report, released June 28, 2019, were re-contacted in July. Excessive rainfall had led to planting delays and challenges at the time of the survey, leaving a portion of acres still to be planted for corn in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; cotton in Arkansas; sorghum in Kansas; and soybeans in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

When planting delays occur NASS has established procedures and processes in place to re-contact respondents. In addition to the updated survey information, NASS considered Farm Service Agency (FSA) certified acreage information as well as satellite-based indications of acreage to update planted and harvested acreage estimates for this report.

NASS estimates of planted area are always larger than the certified acres reported by FSA because of definitional differences and the fact that some producers do not participate in USDA programs and therefore do not report their acreage to FSA. It is also important to note that data are reported to FSA over an extended period of time, with varying due dates across the country, and is historically incomplete in early August. NASS has carefully analyzed these data for many years and has determined they normally don't become nearly complete until September for cotton and October for corn, soybeans, and sorghum. A detailed description of how NASS incorporates the FSA certified acreage information into the estimating process can be found at www.nass.usda.gov/Education_and_Outreach/Understanding_Statistics/FSA_Acreage.pdf.

Based on all of the data sources described above, planted and harvested area estimates for corn, soybeans, cotton, and sorghum were updated and included in this report. All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating.

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