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Minnesota Grain and Silage Corn Up in 2019
Minnesota Ag Connection - 01/13/2020

Corn for grain production in Minnesota during 2019 is estimated at 1.26 billion bushels, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service -- Crop Production 2019 Summary report. The estimate is up 2 percent from the November 1 forecast but down 7 percent from 2018. Minnesota's corn for grain yield is estimated at 174 bushels per acre, 4 bushels more than the November 1 forecast. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 7.26 million acres, down 50,000 acres from the November 1 forecast and 200,000 acres below 2018. Corn planted for all purposes in 2019 is estimated at 7.80 million acres, down 100,000 acres from 2018.

Corn for silage production is estimated at 8.74 million tons, up 17 percent from 2018. The silage yield estimate of 19.0 tons per acre, down 3.0 tons from 2018. Producers harvested 460,000 acres of corn for silage, an increase of 120,000 acres from 2018.

Soybean production is estimated at 298 million bushels in 2019, down 3 percent from the November 1 forecast and down 21 percent from 2018. Minnesota soybean growers averaged 44.0 bushels per acre in 2019. This is down 1.0 bushel from the November 1 forecast and down 5.0 bushels from the 2018 yield. The harvested acreage of 6.77 million is down 50,000 acres from the November 1 estimate and 880,000 acres below 2018. Soybean planted acreage, at 6.85 million acres, is down 900,000 acres from 2018.

All hay production for the state is estimated at 2.97 million tons, down 4 percent from the 3.08 million tons produced in 2018. Producers averaged 2.70 tons per acre, up from 2.52 tons in 2018. All hay harvested acres is estimated at 1.10 million acres, down 10 percent from 2018.

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures for hay production is estimated at 2.26 million tons, up 10 percent from 2018. Producers averaged 3.10 tons per acre, 0.25 ton above the 2018 yield. Harvested acres, at 730,000, are up 10,000 acres from 2018. Minnesota producers seeded 160,000 acres of new seedings of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures in 2019, up 30,000 from the previous year.

Other hay production is estimated at 703,000 tons, 31 percent below 2018. Producers averaged 1.90 tons per acre, down 0.15 ton per acre from 2018. Harvested acres of other hay, at 370,000, is down 130,000 from the previous year.

Sugarbeet production is estimated at 8.40 million tons, down 20 percent from 2018. Yield averaged 25.0 tons per acre, down 0.7 ton from last year. Producers harvested 336,000 acres, down 72,000 acres from 2018.

Oil Sunflower production is estimated at 94.4 million pounds, down 5 percent from 2018. Producers averaged 1,850 pounds per acre, down 18 percent from 2018. Oil sunflower harvested area is 51,000 acres. Non-oil sunflower production is estimated at 8.28 million pounds, down 44 percent from 2018. The non-oil sunflower yield is estimated at 1,800 pounds per acre, down 350 pounds from 2018. Area harvested for non-oil sunflowers is 4,600 acres.

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